China

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China is a country in East Asia, a population of 1.404 billion people and an area of 9,600,000 sq kilometers (3.7 million sq mi) as one of the earliest civilizations in the world in the Yellow River valley under the legendary Xia Dynasty in the 21st century BC. The Qin dynasty in the 3rd century BC united the core of China and became the first Chinese dynasty.

Gobi and Taklamakan in the arid north to subtropical forests in the fertile south. The Himalayan, Karakoram, Pamir and Tian Shan mountains separate from much of South and Central Asia. The Yangtze River and Yellow Rivers from the Tibetan Plateau to the densely populated east coast. The coastline along the Pacific Ocean is 14,500 kilometers (9,000 miles)

China is one of 17 megadiverse countries in the world's two major ecozones Palearctic and Indomalaya with more than 34,687 species of animals and vascular plants as the third most diverse country in the world. The threatened wildlife are protected by law and by 2005 had more than 2,349 nature reserves totaling 149.95 million hectares.

More than 56 different ethnic groups and 292 languages live in China. Standard Chinese is the official national language and is used as a social language in the country between people with different language backgrounds. In 1956 the government introduced a simplified character that has replaced the older traditional character in mainland China.

Basic informations

ATTRACTIONS

HERITAGE

Great Wall
China. The bastion of defense to deter the northern invaders

Longmen Grottoes
Henan. Tens of thousands of Buddhist statues in the outer rocks and artificial caves

Mogao Caves
Gansu. A 492 temple system at strategic religious and cultural intersections on Silk Road

Palace Museum or Forbidden City
Beijing. Chinese imperial palace complex from the Ming Dynasty that ruled from 1420 to 1912

Potala Palace
Tibet. A museum and former winter palace built in 1645 at an altitude of 3,700 meters

Terracotta Army
Shaanxi. Mausoleum of the First Qin Emperor or Emperor Qinshihuang's Mausoleum Site Museum

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