Madagascar

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Madagascar is an island nation off the coast of East Africa that broke away from the Indian peninsula some 88 million years ago, allowing native plants and animals to evolve in relative isolation. Madagascar is a biodiversity hotspot with over 90% very unique wildlife and is not found anywhere else on Earth.

Human settlements in Madagascar from 350 BC to AD 550 by people from Borneo who used outrigger canoes. Bantu joined in 1000 AD which crossed the Mozambique Channel from East Africa. The other groups continued to settle and each made a contribution to the Malagasy culture.

Madagascar has an area of 592,800 square kilometers (228,900 sq mi) where the highest point is Maromokotro 2,876 meters (9,436 ft) high at Tsaratanana Massif. More than 80 percent of 14,883 Madagascar plant species are not found anywhere else in the world, including five plant families. Fauna are diverse and show a high degree of endemism.

Lemur has adapted and diversified into 103 species and is extremely rare. Fossa resembles a cat as the next endemic. More than 300 species of birds in which 60 percent are endemic, 260 species of reptiles with more than 90 percent are endemic. the island is home to two-thirds of the world's chameleon species, over 100 species of endemic freshwater fish, and 651 species of terrestrial snails are endemic.

Basic informations

ATTRACTIONS

NATIONAL PARK

Andringitra
Haute Matsiatra. A 31,160 hectares granite outcrop and home to rare lemur species

Avenue of Baobabs
Menabe. Row of Adansonia grandidieri trees

Isalo
Ihorombe. Home to ring-tailed lemur and elephant's foot plant

Masoala
Sava and Analanjirofo. A 2,300 sq km rainforest and 100 sq km marine in Antongil Bay

Marojejy
Sava. Marojejy Massif as a mountain chain as part of Rainforests of the Atsinanana.

Tsingy de Bemaraha
Melaky. Conservation area to protect Great Tsingy and Little Tsingy geological formations

Zahamena
Toamasina. Babakoto black lemurs with white patches are very special

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